What is Macular Hole?
A macular hole is a hole that is usually found over the centre of the macula, which is the fovea. There are several risk factors for this kind of hole to develop, including trauma, sun-gazing, and short-sightedness. However, a large proportion of them has no specific cause.
If you have a macular hole, you may experience distortion of central vision, and difficulty with reading or seeing fine details.
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Treatment for Macular Hole
It is treated with a vitrectomy and peeling the superficial layer of the retina to help relieve the tractional forces which may be contributing to the hole and keeping it open. Usually, a bubble of gas is left in the eye after the surgery and this will better help in sealing the macular hole.